ATLANTA — There are new confirmed cases of AFM, the disease that's leaving children paralyzed. And doctors still do not know exactly what's causing it.
The Atlanta-based Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said this week the number of confirmed cases of Acute Flaccid Myelitis nationwide is now 80. That's in 25 states. That's up from 60, as of last week.
The confirmed cases are among more than 200 reported cases this year.
[MORE: CDC information on AFM]
An Ohio mother said everything changed quickly for her 4-year-old son.
"He wanted to run and jump and climb, very energetic, even for a 4-year-old,” said mother Alex Voland. “It's like, where is all of this energy coming from? And then suddenly, to see him in a wheelchair, kind of unsure of himself, if he's going to be able to do something."
Most of the patients with AFM are children.
An increase of cases started in 2014.
A Georgia mother said her toddler went to bed sick and woke up paralyzed from the neck down.
It's the latest in a series of mysterious illnesses that are baffling doctors. Two young patients were recently treated at Scottish Rite after they fell ill and then woke up partially paralyzed.
Doctors are still working to figure out what causes acute flaccid myelitis, or AFM, but they tell Channel 2 Action News the rare condition is similar to polio, in that it can cause muscle weakness or partial paralysis.
Doctors diagnosed Abigail with AFM. She’s now in rehab making great progress.
“It’s a rare occurrence its one in a million, in a million,” said Dr. Anthony Fauci, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Director.
Across the country, the Atlanta-based Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports 62 confirmed cases of AFM in 22 states, and 93 possible cases.
"It's really heartbreaking. No parent should ever have to experience that and what makes it worse, it's not the tubes, it's not the treatments, what makes is worse is not knowing what caused it," said Abigail’s mother, Erica Palacios.
There were 5 cases reported in Georgia in 2016.
Doctors said the West Nile Virus may be the cause in some of the cases.
“It's a very frustrating situation we do not know definitively what it is, although there is a suspicion, a strong suspicion that it is associated with a particular type of virus that we recognize,” Fauci said.
- Among the people who were diagnosed with AFM since August 2014:
- The cause of most of the AFM cases remains unknown.
- We don't know what caused the increase in AFM cases starting in 2014.
- We have not yet determined who is at higher risk for developing AFM, or the reasons why they may be at higher risk.
- We do not yet know the long-term effects of AFM. We know that some patients diagnosed with AFM have recovered quickly, and some continue to have paralysis and require ongoing care.
CDC is actively investigating AFM cases and monitoring disease activity. We are working closely with healthcare providers and state and local health departments to increase awareness for AFM. We are encouraging healthcare providers to recognize and report suspected cases of AFM to their health departments, and for health departments to send this information to CDC to help us understand the nationwide burden of AFM. CDC is also actively looking for risk factors and possible causes of this condition.
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